This year marks the centenary of the death of Ottoman Sultan Abdulhamid II. His reign was doomed by a heavy debt, and internal and external tensions.
However, Sultan Abdulhamid’s
A collection of books and serials presented by the Ottoman Sultan Abdulhamid II to the U.S. Library of Congress in 1884 were recently digitized by the Library of
77 yıllık ömrüne büyük başarılar sığdırmış hukukçu, General, Amerikan İç Savaşı kahramanı, yazar, vali ve diplomat Lew Wallace (1827-1905), 1881’de Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’na ABD Başkanı James A. Garfield tarafından